The laboratory consists of a team of 4 people, each with his/her own speciality. Ghyslain Vanneste is a radiography-photographer and is responsible for the scientific imagery within the department of conservators-restorers. Sigrid Mirabaud, research engineer, in charge of the laboratory, specialises in the analysis of organic matter through gas chromatography-mass spectometry. Maroussia Duranton, project engineer, assistant to the laboratory head, is in charge of analysing modern hybrid matter through infrared spectroscopy. Anne Genachte-Le Bail, assistant engineer and assistant to the laboratory head, is in charge of micro x-ray flourescence and the analysis of inorganic matter.
The activity and expertise of the laboratory in the department of conservators-restorers enter within the framework of the initial training programme in which it is involved. Situated close to the conservators-restorers workshops, the laboratory welcomes students into the laboratory for experiments and analysis and, more extensively, provides a steady pedagogical resource in the scientific sector.
Scientific dossiers : study of works undergoing restoration
The laboratory is thus in charge of establishing preliminary scientific dossiers for conservation and restoration works in all specialties. It is equipped with scientific imaging equipment within the establishment including several microanalytical techniques (stereo microscopy and optical microscopy, micro x-ray flourescence, gas chromatography-mass spectometry, internal reflection infrared spectroscopy : external reflection scanning electron microscopy).
The studies focus on determining the technical structure of objects, their state of conservation and previous restoration, and are used as a support in the formulation of a diagnosis by the conservators-restorers.
Mentorship and experimental protocols
The laboratory supervises students on experimental study projects, the 2nd year module prefigures the technico-scientific subject of the 5th and final year. On this occasion, students learn how to address a specific issue and conduct an experiment in order to respond to it. In its continuity, the laboratory participates in the implementation of technico-scientific subjects during the 5th year, before passing the baton on to external scientific collaborators. It also provides the students with the expertise and equipment necessary for effective project work.
The laboratory collaborates on the initial training programme of conservators-restorers and staff within the laboratory contributes to teaching in his/her field of expertise : introduction to scientific imagery of objects, preparation and observation of stratigraphic separation, preparation and observation of metallographic cuts, and a new course on water properties including a module on characterisation techniques used to investigate cultural heritage materials. The laboratory also participates in a variety of modules throughout the course of studies (composite object modules, choice of disssertation theme module etc.).
Partnerships between the laboratory and the research laborities of the Ministry of Culture and Communication (C2RMF, LRMH et CRCC) continue. A partnership agreement has been signed between the Institut national du Patrimoine, the musée du Quai Branly and the Bibliothèque nationale de France (National Library of France) in order to share and compare their scientific equipment and expertise.
The Institut national du patrimoine is now an associate member of the Fondation des Sciences du Patrimoine (foundation for Cultural Heritage Sciences), the body managing labex Patrima (laboratories of excellence, part of the « investments for the future » programme) and équipex Patrimex (équipement d’excellence), paving the way for new partnership opportunities in the years to come.
The laboratory supports and participates in research projects on cultural heritage materials.
- CAP-Vert Project, supported by the C2RMF, financed by the Fondation des Sciences du Patrimoine
- Mutations et Défis Africains Project (African transformations and challenges), supported by the fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, financed by ComUE heSam.
- Zip Project, supported by the Inp, financed by the Inp with the financial aid of the Minsitry of Culture in the form of research sessions and a CNAP research grant (National Centre of Visual Arts).